COURSE CONTENT:
1. Introduction of Solar Cell: Renewable energy sources, Current status of PV power
generation in India, Advantages and challenges of solar energy, Solar cell technology,P-
N junction diode, Introduction to P-N junction in equilibrium and non-equilibrium
conditions, P-N junction under illumination: solar cell, Generation of a photo voltage,
Photo generated current, Current-voltage (I-V) equation of solar cell, I-V characteristics
of solar cell.
2. Design of PV Cell, Module and Array: Short circuit current, Open circuit voltage, Fill
factor, Efficiency, modelling of a PV cell, Effect of series and shunt resistances on
efficiency, Effect of solar radiation and temperature on efficiency, modelling of a PV
module and array
3. Solar Radiation: Extra-terrestrial solar radiation, Solar spectrum at the Earth’s surface,
Declination angle, Apparent motion of the sun and solar altitude, Angle of sunrays on
solar collector, Sun tracking, Estimation of solar radiation empirically.
4. Identification of Solar PV Module: PV parameters estimation of a single diode model
(SDM) and double diode model (DDM) PV module, Conversion of PV module
parameters to array parameters,Temperature and solar irradiation dependence PV
parameters, Study of I-V and power-voltage (P-V) characteristics of a PV array under
different environmental conditions using Matlab simulation.
5. Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) Methods of a PV Source: Fractional short-
circuit current (FSCI) technique, Fractional open circuit voltage (FOCV) technique, Hill
Climbing/ Perturb & Observed (PO), Incremental conductance, One cycle control (OCC)
technique, Differention technique, Feedback voltage and current technique, Load
current/Load voltage maximization technique, Fuzzy logic based MPPT technique,
Artificial neural network based MPPT technique, Particle swarm optimization based
MPPT technique, Gauss-Newton, Steepest-Decent, Levenberg-Marquardt
6. Partial Shading of a PV Array: Shading effect of a PV array, Mismatch loss, Different
types of PV configuration to reduce mismatch loss, Effect of bypass diode in a PV array
under shading conditions, Extraction of maximum power from a PV array under partial
shading conditions
7. Power Electronics Application in PV System: DC to DC converters, Control of DC to
DC converter, Input side reflected impedance of DC to DC converters, DC to AC
converter (Inverter)
8. PV System with Storage: Cells and batteries, Lead acid cell, Nickel cadmium storage
cell, Nickel metal hydride (NiMH) Cells, Lithium cells, Stand-alone PV system, Grid
integrated PV system
XII. RECOMMENDED BOOK(S):
1. Solar Photovoltaics: Fundamentals, Technologies and Applications by Chetan Singh
Solanki, PHI learning publication.
2. Solar Energy Fundamentals and Applications by Garg & Prakash, H. P. Garg, Tata
McGraw-Hill Education.
3. Photovoltaic Systems: Analysis and Design by A. K. Mukerjee and Nivedita Thakur, PHI
learning publication.
4. Wind and Solar Power Systems: Design, Analysis, and Operation by Mukund R. Patel,
Taylor & Francis.
XIII. ASSESSMENT SCHEME:
Quiz 1: 5 marks
Quiz 2: 5 marks
Mid Sem: 30 marks
End term Exam: 40 marks
Project Assignment: 20 marks
Total: 100